many studies done by research scientists which indicate a variety
of health dangers associated with water fluoridation. A few of
them are presented here.
Why is the U.S. Army Medical Command, MEDCOM, which is in charge of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center,
in Washington, D.C. and
three other major installations, concerned about fluoridating
the water supply of Fort Detrick, Maryland. They contacted an
acknowledged expert in neurotoxicity, Dr. Mullenix, and requested
an expert opinion concerning fluoridation. Read Dr.
Mullenix's revealing analysis that "fluoride
exposures today are out of control," and ".. there
are no advantages to water fluoridation. The risks today far
exceed the hoped for benefit." Dr. Mullenix cites data from
18 clinical studies in her analysis.
African-American children experience
twice the prevalence of dental fluorosis as white children
and it tends to be more severe. National Research Council, Health
Effects of Ingested Fluoride. 1993, p. 44
average age of menstruation
for girls started 5 months earlier in the fluoridated city of Newburgh, New
York, than the non-fluoridated control city of Kingston, New
York. Melatonin, the main pineal gland hormone acts as a "body
clock", is inhibited by fluoride causing early onset of
sexual maturation. Caries Research, Vol. 28, p. 204 '9
American Dental Association continues to state fluoride is responsible for reducing cavities.
The National Institute of Dental Health
produced the largest and most comprehensive study on over 39,000
school children aged 5 -17 years. The study showed no
significant differences in cavities in fluoridated vs. non-fluoridated or partially fluoridated
communities. This study was never refuted by the ADA.
University just released
a multi-year study (Sept
'99) involving 280,000 children which linked fluoridation
with high lead levels in children. Prof. Masters, head
of the Dartmouth Foundation for Neuroscience and Society, said the problem
is especially serious because lead poisoning is
associated with higher rates of learning disabilities, hyperactivity,
substance abuse, and crime.
Children who have been poisoned by lead are less able to handle
stress and are more prone to violent outbursts.
fluoride controversy isn't new. In 1997, the city of Natick Mass.
considered the fluoridation of the town's water
In order to sort out conflicting claims, they commissioned a
respected team of top scientists to analyze the data and make recommendations.
The widely read analysis is known as the Natick
Report. The panel of doctors and scientists made 12 very
specific recommendations. In summary, the scientists "emphatically"
recommended the water supply "not be fluoridated."
Their analysis also concluded a host of other medical problems
may ensue from artificially fluoridating the water.
2000, Wilmington Massachusetts reviewed both sides of the fluoridation
issue and decided against it. The town's Board of Health citied
many critical concerns in their five
JADA (Journal of the American Dental Association) suprisingly admits
the often stated "optimal" intake
of 1 ppm (part per million) has yet to be determined scientifically
why should a lack of research stop them from forcing you to drink
board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology of the National
Research Council (NRC) reported that fluoridation
of municipal drinking water supplies may result in dental fluorosis
in about 10% of the population. You have a 1 in 10
chance of experiencing tooth damage from water fluoridation!! See what mild
fluorosis looks like and then decide if it's o.k. for
your children's teeth to be disfigured.
1993 Toxicological Profile by the U.S.
Dept. of Health and Human Services concluded subsets
of the population may be unusually susceptible
to the toxic effects of fluoride and its compounds. These populations
include the elderly, people with deficiencies of calcium, magnesium,
and/or vitamin C, and people with cardiovascular and kidney problems. It appears a lot
of people may have a problem with fluoridated water.
American Dental Association and the American
Academy of Pediatrics changed
their stance and now recommend that infants
avoid fluoridated water and children under 5 years brush
only with water! Gerber, the baby food maker, has also stopped
adding fluoride to their products.
American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (Aug 1998)
is now warning that "children
with educated parents who typically have better oral hygiene
practices are at risk for fluorosis." To see what
fluorosis, or tooth damage looks like.(click
(Journal of American Medical Association) links hip fractures
and fluoridation. Studies published in the Journal as recently
as August '92, specifically stating their objective was to "test
the effect of water fluoridated to 1 ppm on the incidence of hip fractures.." Their study demonstrated
a link between hip fractures in the elderly and water fluoridated
at 1 ppm. (the so-called "optimal dose").
fractures", according to the report, are "the second
most common cause for admission [of the elderly] to nursing homes
accounting for approximately 60,000 admissions per year."
die within three months.
detailed and extensive research can be found at the International
Society for Fluoride Research.
and Intelligence Impairment in Rats:
Chronic Administration of Aluminum-Fluoride
or Sodium-Fluoride to Rats in Drinking Water: Alterations in
Neuronal and Cerebrovascular Integrity, JA Varner, KF Jensen,
W Horvath, RL Issacson,. Brain Research Vol. 784, pp 284-298
Influence of chronic fluorosis
on membrane lipids in rat brain. Z.Z. Guan, Y.N. Wang, K.Q. Xiao,
D.Y. Dai, Y.H. Chen, J.L. Liu, P. Sindelar and G. Dallner, Neurotoxicology
and Teratology 20 537-542 (1998).
Li, XS; Zhi, JL; Gao, RO Effects
of fluoride exposure on intelligence in children, Fluoride 28:4,
pp. 189-192 (1995)
Zhao, LB; Liang, D; W Wu Lu-Liang
Effects of a high fluoride water supply on children's intelligence.
Fluoride vol. 29:4 pp. 190-192 1996
Carcinogenesis, Vol. 9, pp.
Sodium Fluoride: individual
animal tumor pathology table [rats], Battelle Memorial Institute,
February 23, 1989
Sodium Fluoride: individual
animal tumor pathology table [mice], Battelle Memorial Institute,
April 11, 1989
Dr. Wm Marcus May Day Memo
discussed in Lancet 36, page 737 (1990)
Review of Fluoride: Benefits
and Risks, U. S. Public Health Service, pp. F1-F7 (1991)
Fluoride Vol. 26, pp. 83-96
(1992) Fluoride is an equivocal carcinogen
G) A Brief Report on the Association
of Drinking Water Fluoridation and the Incidence of Osteosarcoma
among Young Males, New Jersey Department of
Health, November 1992
Fluoride, the Aging Factor,
Health Action Press, pp. 72-90 (1993)
increases and fluoridation
Jacobsen SJ, Goldberg J, Miles
TP, Brody JA, et al. Regional variation in the incidence of hip
fractures: U.S. white women aged 65 years and older. JAMA Vol.
264, pp. 500-502 (1990)
Cooper C, Wickham CAC, Barkcr
DJR, and Jacobsen SJ. Water fluoridation and hip fracture [letter].
JAMA Vol. 266, pp. 513-514, 1991
Danielson C, Lyon IL, Egger
M, and Goodenough GK. Hip fractures and fluoridation in Utah's
elderly population. JAMA Vol. 268, pp. 746-748 (1992)
Journal of the American Medical
Association Vol. 273, pp. 775-776 (1995)
Jacobsen SJ, Goldberg J, Cooper
C, and Lockwood SA. The association between water fluoridation
and hip fracture among white women and men aged 65 years and
older: A national ecologic study. Ann Epidemiol 1992: 2:617-26
Sowers MFR, Clark MK, Jannausch
ML and Wallce RB, A prospective study of bone mineral content
and fracture in communities with differential fluoride exposure.
Am J Epidemiol 1991; 133:649-60
Keller C. Fluorides in Drinking
Water. Paper presented at the Workshop on Drinking Water Fluoride
influence on Hip Fractures and Bone Health. April 10, 1991, Bethesda,
May, DS and Wilson MG. Hip
fractures in relation to water fluoridation: an ecologic analysis.
Presented at the Workshop on Drinking Water Fluoride Influence
on Hip Fractures and Bone Health. April 10, 1991, Bethesda, Md.
Science Vol. 217, pp. 26-30
Journal of the American Dental
Association Vol. 108, pp. 56-59 (1984)
Journal of public Health Dentistry
Vol. 46, pp. 184-187 (1986)
Health Effects of Ingested
Fluoride, National Research Council, page 37 (1993)
Wall Street Journal Dec 21,
1998 Some Young Children Get Too Much Fluoride by Tara Parker-Pope
The Center for Disease Control estaimates 22% of American children
have dental fluorosis due to excess fluoride intake.
deficiency resulting in hypothyroidism and/or hyperthyroidism.
Galetti PM, Joyet, G - "Effect
of Fluorine On Thyroidal Iodine Metabolism in Hyperthyroidism"
J Clin Endocrinol 18:1102-1110 (1958)
Galetti (1958) gave 0.9 to
4.5 F- daily to patients suffering from Graves' disease. In those
studies the average protein-bound iodine decreased from 9.8 to
6.7 ug/dl, basic metabolic rate from +37% to +27%.
May, W - "Behandlung
der Hypothyreosen einschließlich des schweren genuinen
Morbus Basedow mit Fluor" Klin Wochenschr 16:562-564 (1937)
May treated 1,158 hyperthyroid
patients _effectively_ within 6 years with either sodium fluoride
or fluorotyrosine ("Pardinon").
Gorlitzer von Mundy - "Einfluss
von Fluor und Jod auf den Stoffwechsel, insbesondere auf die
Schilddrüse" Münch Med Wochenschrift 105:234-247
Gorlitzer von Mundy for more
than 30 years treated in excess of 650 patients _effectively_
with baths containing fluoride.
Lin Fa-Fu et al - "The
Relationship of a Low-Iodine and High-Fluoride Environment to
Subclinical Cretinism in Xinjiang" UNICEF AID PROJECT REPORT
IDD Newsletter, Volume 7 Number 3 August (1991)
Zhao W, Zhu H, Yu Z, Aoki
K, Misumi J, Zhang X - "Long-term Effects of Various Iodine
and Fluorine Doses on the Thyroid and Fluorosis in Mice"
Endocr Regul 32(2):63-70 (1998)
decay and dental care costs are not reduced.
There are no broad-based blinded studies of animals or humans
which have ever found a significant reduction in tooth decay
rates of permanent teeth in fluoridated areas.
Colquhoun, J. Child Dental Health Differences in New Zealand,
Community Health Studies Vol. 11:2, pp. 85-90 (1987)
Journal of the Canadian Dental
Association, Vol. 53, pp. 763-765 (1987)
Fluoride Vol. 23, pp. 55-67
California Department of Health
records of actual DentiCal cost. Unpublished research for Writ
of Mandate, Citizens Against Fluoridation vs. Attorney General
Dan Lungren 7/1996
Colquhoun, J. Influence of
social class and fluoridation on child dental health Community
Dent Oral Epidemiol Vol. 13, pp. 37-41, 1985
Gray, AS Fluoridation Time
for a New Base Line J Canadian Dent. Assoc. Vol. 10, 1987
Yiamouyiannis, J "National
Institute Dental Research study shows no relationship between
fluoridation and tooth decay rate" American Laboratory 5/1989
drops and tablets are not FDA approved or proven effective.
Letter from Frank R. Fazzari,
Chief, Prescription Drug Compliance, Food and Drug Administration
to New Jersey Assemblyman John Kelly (June 8, 1993)
Preventing Tooth Decay: Results
from a Four-Year National Study, Robert Wood-Johnson Foundation,
Special Report number, pp. 18, (Feb. 1983)
Community Dentistry and Oral
Epidemiology, Vol. 19, pp. 88-92 (1991)
1992 Physicians' Desk Reference,
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