There are many studies done by research scientists which indicate a variety of health dangers associated with water fluoridation. A few of them are presented here.

Why is the U.S. Army Medical Command, MEDCOM, which is in charge of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, in Washington, D.C. and three other major installations, concerned about fluoridating the water supply of Fort Detrick, Maryland. They contacted an acknowledged expert in neurotoxicity, Dr. Mullenix, and requested an expert opinion concerning fluoridation. Read Dr. Mullenix's revealing analysis that "fluoride exposures today are out of control," and ".. there are no advantages to water fluoridation. The risks today far exceed the hoped for benefit." Dr. Mullenix cites data from 18 clinical studies in her analysis.

African-American children experience twice the prevalence of dental fluorosis as white children and it tends to be more severe. National Research Council, Health Effects of Ingested Fluoride. 1993, p. 44

The average age of menstruation for girls started 5 months earlier in the fluoridated city of Newburgh, New York, than the non-fluoridated control city of Kingston, New York. Melatonin, the main pineal gland hormone acts as a "body clock", is inhibited by fluoride causing early onset of sexual maturation. Caries Research, Vol. 28, p. 204 '9

The American Dental Association continues to state fluoride is responsible for reducing cavities. The National Institute of Dental Health produced the largest and most comprehensive study on over 39,000 school children aged 5 -17 years. The study showed no significant differences in cavities in fluoridated vs. non-fluoridated or partially fluoridated communities. This study was never refuted by the ADA.

Dartmouth University just released a multi-year study (Sept '99) involving 280,000 children which linked fluoridation with high lead levels in children. Prof. Masters, head of the Dartmouth Foundation for Neuroscience and Society, said the problem is especially serious because lead poisoning is associated with higher rates of learning disabilities, hyperactivity, substance abuse, and crime. Children who have been poisoned by lead are less able to handle stress and are more prone to violent outbursts.

The fluoride controversy isn't new. In 1997, the city of Natick Mass. considered the fluoridation of the town's water supply. In order to sort out conflicting claims, they commissioned a respected team of top scientists to analyze the data and make recommendations. The widely read analysis is known as the Natick Report. The panel of doctors and scientists made 12 very specific recommendations. In summary, the scientists "emphatically" recommended the water supply "not be fluoridated." Their analysis also concluded a host of other medical problems may ensue from artificially fluoridating the water.

In March 2000, Wilmington Massachusetts reviewed both sides of the fluoridation issue and decided against it. The town's Board of Health citied many critical concerns in their five page summary.

JADA (Journal of the American Dental Association) suprisingly admits the often stated "optimal" intake level of 1 ppm (part per million) has yet to be determined scientifically -but why should a lack of research stop them from forcing you to drink it.

The board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology of the National Research Council (NRC) reported that fluoridation of municipal drinking water supplies may result in dental fluorosis in about 10% of the population. You have a 1 in 10 chance of experiencing tooth damage from water fluoridation!! See what mild fluorosis looks like and then decide if it's o.k. for your children's teeth to be disfigured.

A 1993 Toxicological Profile by the U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services concluded subsets of the population may be unusually susceptible to the toxic effects of fluoride and its compounds. These populations include the elderly, people with deficiencies of calcium, magnesium, and/or vitamin C, and people with cardiovascular and kidney problems. It appears a lot of people may have a problem with fluoridated water.

The American Dental Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics changed their stance and now recommend that infants avoid fluoridated water and children under 5 years brush only with water! Gerber, the baby food maker, has also stopped adding fluoride to their products.

The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (Aug 1998) is now warning that "children with educated parents who typically have better oral hygiene practices are at risk for fluorosis." To see what fluorosis, or tooth damage looks like.(click here)

JAMA (Journal of American Medical Association) links hip fractures and fluoridation. Studies published in the Journal as recently as August '92, specifically stating their objective was to "test the effect of water fluoridated to 1 ppm on the incidence of hip fractures.." Their study demonstrated a link between hip fractures in the elderly and water fluoridated at 1 ppm. (the so-called "optimal dose").

"Hip fractures", according to the report, are "the second most common cause for admission [of the elderly] to nursing homes accounting for approximately 60,000 admissions per year." And 25% die within three months.

More detailed and extensive research can be found at the International Society for Fluoride Research.


Neurotoxicity and Intelligence Impairment in Rats:
Chronic Administration of Aluminum-Fluoride or Sodium-Fluoride to Rats in Drinking Water: Alterations in Neuronal and Cerebrovascular Integrity, JA Varner, KF Jensen, W Horvath, RL Issacson,. Brain Research Vol. 784, pp 284-298 1998
Influence of chronic fluorosis on membrane lipids in rat brain. Z.Z. Guan, Y.N. Wang, K.Q. Xiao, D.Y. Dai, Y.H. Chen, J.L. Liu, P. Sindelar and G. Dallner, Neurotoxicology and Teratology 20 537-542 (1998).
Li, XS; Zhi, JL; Gao, RO Effects of fluoride exposure on intelligence in children, Fluoride 28:4, pp. 189-192 (1995)
Zhao, LB; Liang, D; W Wu Lu-Liang Effects of a high fluoride water supply on children's intelligence. Fluoride vol. 29:4 pp. 190-192 1996

Cancer Studies
Carcinogenesis, Vol. 9, pp. 2279-2284 (1988)
Sodium Fluoride: individual animal tumor pathology table [rats], Battelle Memorial Institute, February 23, 1989
Sodium Fluoride: individual animal tumor pathology table [mice], Battelle Memorial Institute, April 11, 1989
Dr. Wm Marcus May Day Memo discussed in Lancet 36, page 737 (1990)
Review of Fluoride: Benefits and Risks, U. S. Public Health Service, pp. F1-F7 (1991)
Fluoride Vol. 26, pp. 83-96 (1992) Fluoride is an equivocal carcinogen
G) A Brief Report on the Association of Drinking Water Fluoridation and the Incidence of Osteosarcoma among Young Males, New Jersey Department of
Health, November 1992
Fluoride, the Aging Factor, Health Action Press, pp. 72-90 (1993)

Hip fracture increases and fluoridation
Jacobsen SJ, Goldberg J, Miles TP, Brody JA, et al. Regional variation in the incidence of hip fractures: U.S. white women aged 65 years and older. JAMA Vol. 264, pp. 500-502 (1990)
Cooper C, Wickham CAC, Barkcr DJR, and Jacobsen SJ. Water fluoridation and hip fracture [letter]. JAMA Vol. 266, pp. 513-514, 1991
Danielson C, Lyon IL, Egger M, and Goodenough GK. Hip fractures and fluoridation in Utah's elderly population. JAMA Vol. 268, pp. 746-748 (1992)
Journal of the American Medical Association Vol. 273, pp. 775-776 (1995)
Jacobsen SJ, Goldberg J, Cooper C, and Lockwood SA. The association between water fluoridation and hip fracture among white women and men aged 65 years and older: A national ecologic study. Ann Epidemiol 1992: 2:617-26
Sowers MFR, Clark MK, Jannausch ML and Wallce RB, A prospective study of bone mineral content and fracture in communities with differential fluoride exposure. Am J Epidemiol 1991; 133:649-60
Keller C. Fluorides in Drinking Water. Paper presented at the Workshop on Drinking Water Fluoride influence on Hip Fractures and Bone Health. April 10, 1991, Bethesda, Md.
May, DS and Wilson MG. Hip fractures in relation to water fluoridation: an ecologic analysis. Presented at the Workshop on Drinking Water Fluoride Influence on Hip Fractures and Bone Health. April 10, 1991, Bethesda, Md.

Increased dental fluorosis
Science Vol. 217, pp. 26-30 (1982)
Journal of the American Dental Association Vol. 108, pp. 56-59 (1984)
Journal of public Health Dentistry Vol. 46, pp. 184-187 (1986)
Health Effects of Ingested Fluoride, National Research Council, page 37 (1993)
Wall Street Journal Dec 21, 1998 Some Young Children Get Too Much Fluoride by Tara Parker-Pope
The Center for Disease Control estaimates 22% of American children have dental fluorosis due to excess fluoride intake.

Iodine deficiency resulting in hypothyroidism and/or hyperthyroidism.
Galetti PM, Joyet, G - "Effect of Fluorine On Thyroidal Iodine Metabolism in Hyperthyroidism" J Clin Endocrinol 18:1102-1110 (1958)
Galetti (1958) gave 0.9 to 4.5 F- daily to patients suffering from Graves' disease. In those studies the average protein-bound iodine decreased from 9.8 to 6.7 ug/dl, basic metabolic rate from +37% to +27%.
May, W - "Behandlung der Hypothyreosen einschließlich des schweren genuinen Morbus Basedow mit Fluor" Klin Wochenschr 16:562-564 (1937)
May treated 1,158 hyperthyroid patients _effectively_ within 6 years with either sodium fluoride or fluorotyrosine ("Pardinon").
Gorlitzer von Mundy - "Einfluss von Fluor und Jod auf den Stoffwechsel, insbesondere auf die Schilddrüse" Münch Med Wochenschrift 105:234-247 (1963)
Gorlitzer von Mundy for more than 30 years treated in excess of 650 patients _effectively_ with baths containing fluoride.
Lin Fa-Fu et al - "The Relationship of a Low-Iodine and High-Fluoride Environment to Subclinical Cretinism in Xinjiang" UNICEF AID PROJECT REPORT IDD Newsletter, Volume 7 Number 3 August (1991)
Zhao W, Zhu H, Yu Z, Aoki K, Misumi J, Zhang X - "Long-term Effects of Various Iodine and Fluorine Doses on the Thyroid and Fluorosis in Mice" Endocr Regul 32(2):63-70 (1998)

Tooth decay and dental care costs are not reduced.
There are no broad-based blinded studies of animals or humans which have ever found a significant reduction in tooth decay rates of permanent teeth in fluoridated areas.

Colquhoun, J. Child Dental Health Differences in New Zealand, Community Health Studies Vol. 11:2, pp. 85-90 (1987)
Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, Vol. 53, pp. 763-765 (1987)
Fluoride Vol. 23, pp. 55-67 (1990)
California Department of Health records of actual DentiCal cost. Unpublished research for Writ of Mandate, Citizens Against Fluoridation vs. Attorney General Dan Lungren 7/1996
Colquhoun, J. Influence of social class and fluoridation on child dental health Community Dent Oral Epidemiol Vol. 13, pp. 37-41, 1985
Gray, AS Fluoridation Time for a New Base Line J Canadian Dent. Assoc. Vol. 10, 1987
Yiamouyiannis, J "National Institute Dental Research study shows no relationship between fluoridation and tooth decay rate" American Laboratory 5/1989

Fluoride drops and tablets are not FDA approved or proven effective.
Letter from Frank R. Fazzari, Chief, Prescription Drug Compliance, Food and Drug Administration to New Jersey Assemblyman John Kelly (June 8, 1993)
Preventing Tooth Decay: Results from a Four-Year National Study, Robert Wood-Johnson Foundation, Special Report number, pp. 18, (Feb. 1983)
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, Vol. 19, pp. 88-92 (1991)
1992 Physicians' Desk Reference, page 2273.


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